A Comprehensive Handbook to EPR Guidelines

What is EPR? Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) is a policy approach that holds manufacturers accountable for the entire lifecycle of their products, including post-consumer disposal. It is a fundamental concept in sustainable waste management, aiming to shift the burden of waste management from municipalities and taxpayers to producers. EPR incentivizes producers and recyclers to collaboratively […]

The Why and How of safe E-waste recycling


Electronic waste, or e-waste, results from the disposal of electronic and electrical devices that are no longer functional or have surpassed their intended lifespan. The accelerated pace of technological advancements and the constant release of new electronic models contribute to a surge in e-waste production. Common items include computers, monitors, printers, mobile phones, and household […]

Lithium-ion Battery: A Guide to Different Recycling Processes


Lithium-ion batteries (LIB) with lithium, cobalt, and graphite as key components are pivotal in consumer electronics and increasingly prevalent in electric vehicles (EVs) and large-scale energy storage. The surge in demand, particularly in the EV sector, raises concerns about the scarcity of these materials and highlights the need for sustainable practices, such as recycling. Challenges […]

CRMA: Europe’s new weapon to protect critical raw materials

CRMA details

The Critical Raw Materials Act (CRMA) is a significant regulatory framework aimed at addressing the challenges faced by the European Union (EU). Predominantly,  in the strategic sectors of decarbonization, digitalization, aerospace, and defense. It is designed to ensure secure and sustainable access to critical raw materials (CRMs), which are essential for various industries. The CRMA […]

Global transition towards sustainable mobility, led by Indian companies


The global transition towards sustainable transportation has become a driving force in the shift from fossil fuels to renewable energy sources. This move is crucial for achieving worldwide decarbonization goals, with electric vehicles (EVs) playing a pivotal role. At the heart of this transformation are lithium-ion batteries (LIBs), which have come to the forefront as […]

The Power of Recyclable Lithium-ion Battery Manufacturing Units


In the relentless pursuit of a sustainable and environmentally responsible future, recyclable lithium-ion battery manufacturing units are emerging as the transformative solution to our energy storage needs. These cutting-edge facilities represent a fundamental shift in the way we approach energy storage, offering a multitude of benefits that range from resource conservation to waste reduction  and […]

Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR): A Paradigm Shift in Environmental Sustainability


Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) has gained significant momentum as a policy approach to address environmental impacts in product lifecycle management. It is rooted in the notion that manufacturers must assume more responsibility for their products. EPR is reshaping our perspective on sustainability and waste management. This essay delves into EPR, covering its history, objectives, and […]

Decoding ‘Black Mass’: The heart of Lithium-ion Battery Recycling

In the ever-evolving landscape of lithium-ion battery recycling and critical metal mining, one term that has emerged as a pivotal player is “black mass.” If you’ve delved into articles on sustainable battery practices, you’ve likely encountered this enigmatic substance. Today, let’s delve into the mysteries surrounding black mass, its composition, and its essential role in […]

What is Inside an Electric Vehicle Battery?


Electric vehicle batteries are intricate and comprise numerous components, including battery cells, modules, wiring, a battery management system (BMS), a thermal management system, separators, and an electrolyte, all enclosed within a protective housing. This battery pack can account for 30 to 50 percent of the vehicle’s value and approximately 40 percent of its weight. With […]